October’s #OTalk Journal (Media) Club Article

We have lots of wonderful people who have volunteered to host a Journal (Media) Club chat but nobody seemed to want to go first so guess who volunteered. Yes muggins here.

So for our first chat on October 1st 2013 we will be looking at the following article currently available as a free sample from the Journal of Occupational Science.

Hartman, L.R., Mandich, A., Magalhães, L. and Orchard, T. 2011. How Do We ‘See’ Occupations? An Examination of Visual Research Methodologies in the Study of Human Occupation. Journal of Occupational Science. 18 (4), 292-305.

Here’s a direct link to the PDF

Here’s the Abstract copied from the page here:

This article argues that visual research methodologies have potential to contribute to the study of occupation. The use of visual research methodologies is quickly growing in a number of disciplines and can help researchers to access information and reasoning not accessible through interview, log or survey. The reflexive, reflective, engaged process of creating and analysing visual materials allows for rich representations on behalf of participants, and immersion in the data on the part of researchers. This paper explores photovoice, body mapping and textual analysis of visual materials to understand how they can contribute to occupational science research. These methods were chosen because they represent the current methods being used by researchers in visually-based research literature. It is argued that when used appropriately, the addition of visual research methodologies to occupational science research will help researchers access rich and authentic information, and that visuals can represent many layers of meaning that may otherwise be lost in a conversation, log, or piece of historical literature.
I’m going to use the form that I developed based on the Learning through Discussion method found on the Journal (Media) Club resources page – here. I like this because it encourages integration of your own previous knowledge and understanding and consideration of how you will apply learning to practice. You can use some of the other critical appraisal tools to support the section – Evaluation of the author’s presentation. I’ll post my version in the comments below in the next few weeks but feel free to share your own reading records/reflections/questions (using your own or another form if you prefer). I will monitor the discussion and respond and then on 1st October we can discuss everything together – the article and people’s views on it.
Why this article?
I have chosen this article for a number of reasons
Firstly because access to it was free (pragmatics)
Secondly because it is on Occupational Science research (and as a PhD candidate looking at Occupational Science research this interests me)
Thirdly because it mentioned photovoice and I’ve heard that mentioned a few times (and thought I should find out more about what it actually is/does.
Finally because it reminded me of the discussion we were having about evidence in OTalk the other week.
Discussion Points
On the blog and on the night of the chat here are a few questions I thought we could consider but please do add in your own and we will discuss the article more generally.
  1. Although the article is discussing using these methods for research purposes can you see them having a clinical (or for lecturers/practice educators an educational) application?
  2. What might the benefits and limitations be in a clinical/educational context?
  3. What type of article do you think this is? Often people think of journal articles as reporting on primary research which discusses samples, methods, data analysis and so on. This one isn’t, so what is it and what is its intention? Is it helpful? Could you write something similar?
  4. Are you convinced about the ability of visual methodologies to contribute and evidence understanding about occupations? Does a picture speak a thousand words?

Remember we are all learning together so there is no such thing as a stupid question and we should all feel free to share our views and have them responded to respectfully. (Ps. Before posting this I haven’t read the article fully either).

Let the discussion begin… try reading it two or three times first using the learning through discussion structure – start with finding definitions for those pesky long words.

Look forward to seeing what you think – Kirsty

AND HERE’S THE CHAT TRANSCRIPT

kirstyes
Ok – a double #otalk today and first Journal (Media) club. My suggestion – 5 minute comfort break????

GillyGorry
RT @The_HCPC: @OTwilsher @GillyGorry @gillyflower78 @TRAMMCPD be confident in your own practise #otalk

Helen_otuk
yes please RT @kirstyes: Ok – a double #otalk today and first Journal (Media) club. My suggestion – 5 minute comfort break????

The_HCPC
@GillyGorry @OTalk_Occhat thanks all for participating, enjoy journal club! #otalk

kirstyes
Also my apologies but only just posted my reflection on blog. Here is link if want to scroll to comments http://t.co/aYwoU9C2lO #otalk

kirstyes
Thank You @The_HCPC #otalk

GillyGorry
I will grab all the chat tweets and post tomorrow #otalk @The_HCPC Thanks to all who participated

OTwilsher
@Richardsblister @GillyGorry @gillyflower78 @TRAMMCPD a good idea, I need to do this, make a real effort to see the positives #otalk

TRAMMCPD
#otalk @Richardsblister u can find information and free resources about TRAMm Model for CPD http://t.co/vfqo9XxeTj or like TRAMmCPD FB page

GillyGorry
RT @The_HCPC: @GillyGorry @OTalk_Occhat thanks all for participating, enjoy journal club! #otalk

The_HCPC
@GillyGorry you too Gill, thanks for getting everyone involved #otalk

GillyGorry
RT @OTwilsher: @Richardsblister @GillyGorry @gillyflower78 @TRAMMCPD a good idea, I need to do this, make a real effort to see the positive…

Helen_otuk
@The_HCPC Thank you. Had so many positive connections with HCPC online recently it is great! Keep up the good work. Keeping it real! #OTalk

The_HCPC
RT @Helen_otuk: @GillyGorry #OTalk oh my that has flown by, I also did a storify from todays #askHCPC event more points there too. http://t…

jacquelyn_e
RT @TRAMMCPD: #otalk @Richardsblister u can find information and free resources about TRAMm Model for CPD http://t.co/vfqo9XxeTj or like TR…

claireOT
@GillyGorry fantastic to see this #otalk in collaboration with @The_HCPC : really great stuff Gill!

The_HCPC
@Helen_otuk thanks Helen #otalk

gillyflower78
Thanks @The_HCPC @GillyGorry Really helpful #otalk

The_HCPC
@GillyGorry @OTalk_Occhat our pleasure! #otalk

The_HCPC
RT @GillyGorry: Many thanks from all of the @OTalk_Occhat team to @The_HCPC for host this useful #otalk it’s been a treat! #CPD NEXT up …

TRAMMCPD
#otalk sorry all but need 2 spend some time with family. Will follow the journal club tomorrow. Hope all goes well. #occupationalbalance

jacquelyn_e
RT @kirstyes: Also my apologies but only just posted my reflection on blog. Here is link if want to scroll to comments http://t.co/aYwoU9C2…

kirstyes
When people are ready. #otalk Journal Club Q1 – Who has read article? Q2 – who has made comments but been too scared to post on blog?

BillWongOT
First thing off the bat when I read that article was a refresher of an #OT24Vx12 Presentation talked about photovoice. #otalk

TRAMMCPD
RT @kirstyes: When people are ready. #otalk Journal Club Q1 – Who has read article? Q2 – who has made comments but been too scared to post …

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes read the article. Far too scared to post! #otalk

kirstyes
And Q3 – who found it difficult to ‘find’ time to read article? I did as you can tell, even though I’ve scanned it once already. #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
Sorry I missed the HPC stuff, looked very informative, but I looking forward to journal club 🙂 #otalk

kirstyes
@BillWongOT Who did that one Bill? #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
Photovoice reminder me of a task we did in first year at uni. Really helpful to introduce self in non-threatening way #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT Out of interest, why so scared? #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes I have read article, made comments but was too chicken to be first person to post #otalk

kirstyes
@Nnikki_Duffy Great – look forward to what you thought of it. #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT Because focus was on photo and not you? #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes well I’m a little fish in big sea of knowledege… #otalk

kirstyes
@eileenhegarty7 I know and I apologise for not getting mine up there first – that was the intention -please do post afterwards though #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes most likely, that and we were able to explain images which meant something to us #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT But u bring unique knowledge which is vital -you’ve already raised point I didn’t consider about being non-threatening #otalk

gillyflower78
RT @JuliaHelenOT: Photovoice reminder me of a task we did in first year at uni. Really helpful to introduce self in non-threatening way #ot

gillyflower78
RT @kirstyes: @JuliaHelenOT But u bring unique knowledge which is vital -you’ve already raised point I didn’t consider about being non-thre…

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes and revealed what we chose to reveal about our lives #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes When I didn’t see your post, I was wondering if it was the right place to post 🙂 the trepidations of a newbie blogger #otalk

Helen_otuk
Blu, Tumik and Mr Wills thankyou for the break… all had food now! #OTalk (bad human)

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes thank you! I’ve been eased in gently 🙂 #otalk

kirstyes
Let’s start with considering Photovoice then. Has anyone used? Benefits and challenges? How could you use in practice/research? #otalk

Helen_otuk
ok confession time for me… I have read the article but not had time to do the write up! #OTalk

kirstyes
@Helen_otuk Ah the animals – I thought this was a weird thing #otalk

kirstyes
@eileenhegarty7 #kirstyfail #sorry #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes @JuliaHelenOT I thought it has potential as an interview technique for clients whose voice isn’t heard i.e. dementia #otalk

kirstyes
@Helen_otuk It’s not just me that struggled then! #otalk

Richardsblister
just come into conversation, what is this photovoice of which you speak…gosh that sounded yoda ish #otalk

gillyflower78
@JuliaHelenOT @kirstyes Yes, personal, meaningful and such an engaging way to express personhood / experiences #otalk

gillyflower78
RT @eileenhegarty7: @kirstyes @JuliaHelenOT I thought it has potential as an interview technique for clients whose voice isn’t heard i.e. d…

kirstyes
@OTwilsher @gillyflower78 @JuliaHelenOT why not just lurk and pipe in as and when. Try out ideas, no judgement. #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
How easy would it be to disseminate research using Photovoice? Struck me that may not be practical @kirstyes #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes I understand though – I wasn’t working so had plenty time. Now I am working, I will find it hard too #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
I kinda liked it, it reminded me of a documentary of the power of the camera given to disadvantaged children in India #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
It was fascinating to see the captured moments and how they view the world. #otalk

Helen_otuk
ok I am back… was ‘over capacity’. opps. #OTalk I am interested in trying it out! Thought is was great idea. Not used before.

gillyflower78
@kirstyes @OTwilsher @JuliaHelenOT I have to go sadly! Definitely here for the next journal club tho. Useful skills for GEEP and CPD #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@Nnikki_Duffy what were the results of the documentary? #otalk

BoothRach
@TinaS401 yes we’ll do! Click in #otalk and follow what’s going on tonight!

kirstyes
@Richardsblister Photovoice-method where you give people cameras and send them out into community to take pics of importance to them #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@Nnikki_Duffy Me too. I’ve been struggling to find a way to write profiles of a group with learning disability in their own words #otalk

kirstyes
@gillyflower78 @OTwilsher @JuliaHelenOT Thanks for contribution tonight. #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@Nnikki_Duffy …Getting this group to make up a collage of photos that express their lifes, desires, etc. could be very effective #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
Although the beauty and difficulty of pictures and visual aspects is that they can be interpreted very differently. #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT Could be shared in an ‘art gallery’ type setting or posted online – depending on ethics/purpose of research #otalk

Richardsblister
@eileenhegarty7 @Nnikki_Duffy aha I do that with veterans, photography for positive change, when they cant use words use pics #otalk

jacquelyn_e
RT @kirstyes: @Richardsblister Photovoice-method where you give people cameras and send them out into community to take pics of importance …

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT Also there are more journals doing online issues where photos can more easily be included than in print #otalk

Helen_otuk
RT @Richardsblister: @eileenhegarty7 @Nnikki_Duffy aha I do that with veterans, photography for positive change, when they cant use words…

kirstyes
RT @Nnikki_Duffy: Although the beauty and difficulty of pictures and visual aspects is that they can be interpreted very differently. #ota

kirstyes
@Nnikki_Duffy Yes indeed though I think the important thing is accepting the person’s interpretation. #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@Nnikki_Duffy that encapsulates what the article says about textual analysis of visual materials, re interpretation #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes @JuliaHelenOT I was thinking of making up a video using the photos of our group and we can use it in our next show #otalk

kirstyes
@Nnikki_Duffy #otalk Although the technique did seem to support developing critical review in participants.

kirstyes
RT @eileenhegarty7: @kirstyes @JuliaHelenOT I was thinking of making up a video using the photos of our group and we can use it in our next…

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes true! I’ve only thought about journals and the like #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT There’s a whole concept about performative social science. Big at my uni. Kip Jones made a film -http://t.co/numZlqkG91 #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
@JuliaHelenOT #otalk the pics went in2 an exhibition, the children began attending school, gained self esteem, recognised beauty in everyday

kirstyes
Also know of researcher looking at meaning of home through photos and another looking at spirituality #otalk

kirstyes
To make sure we get chance to discuss all-what did you think about Body Mapping? Tracing round person and using to explore experience #otalk

kirstyes
And chucking it in as slightly relevant to chat and before I forget #otalk http://t.co/0WqiTIO9Yk Event at my uni exploring narratives

Helen_otuk
#Otalk @kirstyes now that did get me thinking of usefulness when verbal communication difficult. Can see how this would be used.

kirstyes
I thought Body Mapping could be amazing to get real insight into people’s experience. #otalk – practically a bit challenging maybe?

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes We are thinking of using this in our disability performing arts group too… #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes was the most appealling form of visuals described in the journal to me. Is 30 hours realistic in practice? #otalk

kirstyes
@eileenhegarty7 It would be great to see what audited/written up. Clinical Research proposal maybe??? #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT Remind me how many people was that for? #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes … but more strengths-based, i.e. what is your strongest/favourite body part? rather than reverse #otalk

kirstyes
@eileenhegarty7 Great idea. Like that – focus forward. #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
@JuliaHelenOT @kirstyes #otalk I love the concept but had to take a double take at 30 hours, I’ve seen a shorter version used b4.

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes Yeah, you can tell the group is very meaningful. It would be great to capture that and disseminate it #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes no numbers given, just 30 hours for the full exercise plus duscussion and group analysis #otalk

kirstyes
I commented in my review that body mapping seems similar to Kawa – could explore barriers, enablers (internal and external) etc etc. #otalk

Helen_otuk
@kirstyes yes saw that posted it to CPD4OT today, don’t think I will make it down twice in a week though’! Shame, looks interesting. #OTalk

Nnikki_Duffy
I think both topics discussed so far have opened my eyes to new research methodologies. Most of us may have used aspects of these #otalk

kirstyes
@Helen_otuk If people know any service users/carers who might be interested please do share. #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes It would be challenging to do in practice though unless you are working long-term with your clients #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT It might be more practical on an individual basis – could do self portrait rather than body trace as alternative? #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
Of these ideas but I never considered them in a research proposal b4… #excited #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@Nnikki_Duffy same! I’m hoping it may help some of my student colleagues with their research proposals #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes would people be prepared to do more and input more in a group? #otalk

kirstyes
@eileenhegarty7 Yes agree probably most likely in longer term and not acute settings. #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes @JuliaHelenOT that would be a useful modification-makes it accessible for people who would have difficulty lying on floor #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT Possibly or possibly might be more embarrassed in a group – would depend on individual I guess. #otalk.

kirstyes
RT @Nnikki_Duffy: I think both topics discussed so far have opened my eyes to new research methodologies. Most of us may have used aspects …

Helen_otuk
@kirstyes @JuliaHelenOT would depend on how ‘comfortable’ the group was together also? #Otalk

kirstyes
Admit to struggling more with the last method of textual analysis. Seemed to be aimed at more population level occ exploration #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes do you know what the training is like to be able to effectively use the Body Mapping technique? #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@Helen_otuk @kirstyes @JuliaHelenOT I could see our group loving it – they are together for seven years #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
@kirstyes I’m glad you said that, I’ve read it through a couple of times and still didn’t really know what to make of it #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@Helen_otuk @kirstyes very true, always need to remember to consider the individual and the setting involved #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@eileenhegarty7 @Helen_otuk @kirstyes would love to know if you do use it and how it goes! #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT no idea sorry. Don’t know if there is explicit training? #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
@eileenhegarty7 @Helen_otuk @kirstyes @JuliaHelenOT me too sounds interesting 🙂 #otalk

Dai2584
Hi everyone, sorry i havent taken part tonight. my kitchen&bathroom are flooded because of a burst pipe so trying to sort that 😦 #OTalk

JuliaHelenOT
@Nnikki_Duffy @kirstyes it seemed to take a while to get to the point about how the technique could apply to occupational enagement.. #otalk

kirstyes
.@Nnikki_Duffy It seems very much Occupational Science research into why occupations are undertaken or not by groups #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@JuliaHelenOT @Helen_otuk @kirstyes I’ll report back if we get it going. I need to transfer other duties for group first #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes not to worry, just seemed to get that impression from the article (I’ll look it up…) #otalk

kirstyes
@Nnikki_Duffy So might be useful to explore concerts such as occupational alientation, deprivation etc? #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
I think the reason the textual analysis required extra reading is that it involves different mediums #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT @Nnikki_Duffy Yes I agree. #otalk

thecsp
RT @The_HCPC: We aren’t here to be punitive we want to hear how you think CPD helps you as a professional & how service users benefit #OTalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT Do let us know the answer on the blog #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes shall do #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes @Nnikki_Duffy part of that section made me think about the recent idea to change the disabled facilities logo #otalk

kirstyes
@roberTO_OT commented ‘is it a methodology in the truest sense of the word, or is it more of a ‘medium’ used in action research?’ #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
Although I do like the part in the textual part about the importance of an audience as part of the critical analysis #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT @Nnikki_Duffy Great link to other work/experiences. That technique would be useful to use comparing images #otalk

kirstyes
RT @Nnikki_Duffy: Although I do like the part in the textual part about the importance of an audience as part of the critical analysis #ot

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes @roberTO_OT good point, it is more like an ‘interview’ technique, a means to an end #otalk

kirstyes
@Nnikki_Duffy And the different layers- considering oppositional meanings important when implementing change. #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
@JuliaHelenOT @kirstyes yeah that’s a good example #otalk.

JuliaHelenOT
@Nnikki_Duffy true! Otherwise what is the point of the research in the end? Needs to be shared to the widest audience #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT @roberTO_OT I think with Photovoice the philosophical underpinnings give it more weight as a methodology maybe. #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
@kirstyes @roberTO_OT could that also be said for all methodologies mentioned in the article. #otalk

KathyCrawford14
@GillyGorry Every time I talk to an OT I say “My friends an OT! Have you heard of OTalk?” Am spreading the word lol. #otalk

Helen_otuk
I think that is where I came unstuck. could see the ‘clinical’ ‘practical’ uses, but struggled to get my head around the research #OTalk 1/2

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes @Nnikki_Duffy oppositional is kind of like peer review in a way, or making sure that you’ve made correct inferrences #otalk

kirstyes
@KathyCrawford14 @GillyGorry – Great thanks ;o) #otalk

Helen_otuk
2/2 but put that down to my own experience being ‘clinical’ not ‘research’. But lost track of time and didn’t get back to it (oops) #OTalk

JuliaHelenOT
@Helen_otuk that was my final thought on it too #otalk

kirstyes
@Helen_otuk I wonder if that’s because first two methods are participatory – already more like practice and equally applicable there #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT @Nnikki_Duffy or like the black hat – http://t.co/wSjXlML6pf #otalk

Helen_otuk
Pleased I was not alone! RT @JuliaHelenOT: @Helen_otuk that was my final thought on it too #otalk

kirstyes
Ok last six minutes – we’ve had some of this but can you see using these at all in future in practice or research? #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes @Nnikki_Duffy ah yes Mr de Bono… I’ve had to wear that hat in a lecture before now. Not my natural state that’s for sure #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
@kirstyes I suppose we are sometimes scared to jump out of the research methodology box. #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT @Nnikki_Duffy but important when advocating. #otalk

kirstyes
@Nnikki_Duffy I’m not, she says going whacky with her PhD! #otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes Body Mapping was the stand out for me, would like to try and incorporate that into my future practice #otalk

OTalk_Occhat
2/2 Blog post will be up after the transcript for this months Journal (Media) Club post. #OTalk thanks to @SarahMassey92 for volunteering.

OTalk_Occhat
Nov #OTalk Journal Club will be “What actually informs practice: occupational therapists’ views of evidence” hosted by @SarahMassey92 1/2

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes @Nnikki_Duffy I’ll remember that for the future #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT me too, can see lots of potential ideas for that including a what makes an OT reflective activity! #otalk my poor students ;0)

kirstyes
RT @OTalk_Occhat: 2/2 Blog post will be up after the transcript for this months Journal (Media) Club post. #OTalk thanks to @SarahMassey92

kirstyes
RT @OTalk_Occhat: Nov #OTalk Journal Club will be “What actually informs practice: occupational therapists’ views of evidence” hosted by @S

Helen_otuk
I am not sure where my ‘future’ will be exactly. But I would like to explore photovoice / body mapping ideas at some point #OTalk ‘clinical’

kirstyes
Did anyone use the learning through discussion form? How did you find it? #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes I’d like to test them in our performing arts group. If that goes well, I’d like to try using in practice #otalk

Nnikki_Duffy
@kirstyes well the first step was reading the article. Isn’t that what journal clubs are 4 here’s 2 stepping outof many boxes 2 come.#otalk

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes haha! I’m thinking of inflicting it on my peers! 🙂 #otalk #watchoutshustudents

kirstyes
Any last thoughts and a huge huge thank you for participating. I hope not too many people were scared away. Come try next months. #otalk

kirstyes
@Helen_otuk Great. #otalk

kirstyes
@Nnikki_Duffy Definitely and you’ve done so marvellously. Thanks so much. #otalk

Helen_otuk
@kirstyes I started, but just not had time. #OTalk will try post chat and add to blog! That is a commitment! but not time limited!

JuliaHelenOT
@kirstyes thank you Kirsty, I’ll be back for next months. It wasn’t as tricky to keep up with the different threads as I thought #otalk

kirstyes
Do add any further thoughts to blog – would love to see what people thought – be brave – you’ve all been fab. #otalk

kirstyes
@Helen_otuk It’ll be there waiting whenever you (or anyone else) is ready. #otalk Once again huge apologies for not posting mine earlier

Nnikki_Duffy
@kirstyes thank you for all your hard work, great chat as always 🙂 #otalk

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes I did – it’s useful but a bit long-winded #otalk

kirstyes
@JuliaHelenOT Great to hear – you made me think of lots of extra things so thank you. #otalk

kirstyes
@eileenhegarty7 Look forward to hearing how it goes. #otalk – Thanks for input tonight.

Helen_otuk
@JuliaHelenOT well done! Look forward to seeing you again! #OTalk

kirstyes
@eileenhegarty7 Like me ;o) #otalk – adapt as needed.

Helen_otuk
@kirstyes it just shows how busy you are! Also helps to make the rest f use feel better! #OTalk

kirstyes
Right people I have some fiction writing to do. According to my pacemaker 1356 words today!!! #otalk Night.

kirstyes
@Helen_otuk All me taking on more and more as usual – good thing I love it all. #otalk

OTTM2009
@kirstyes @eileenhegarty7 #TRAMmCPD #otalk Well done, interesting hour, will investigate body mapping further. Many thanks

JuliaHelenOT
@Helen_otuk thank you Helen, Tweet soon! #otalk

JeSuisLucie
Sad that I missed that #OTalk -will have to catch up!! The Nov journal club topic sounds good!!

Helen_otuk
@JeSuisLucie glad you agree. Looking forward to it. #OTalk Journal (Media) Club.

eileenhegarty7
@kirstyes Thanks for kicking off the journal club #otalk

Helen_otuk
BIG THANK YOU to @kirstyes for being the first volunteer. Great topic and lots to think about. #OTalk Journal (Media) Club.

kirstyes
@OTalk_Occhat @SarahMassey92 great follow up to our earlier talk on evidence. Thanks Sarah. #otalk

kirstyes
@Helen_otuk Ta – if I do it again I’ll go all creative with a film or something. #otalk

TerraceCoffee
RT @Richardsblister: Encourage others, so if you are communicating, do mention, “why not put that into your cpd file” and help them reflect…

SarahMassey92
So sad I wasn’t able to follow the Journal Club live tonight but glad to see my little idea was welcomed with such enthusiasm. #OTalk

OTalk_Occhat
Transcript from last nights #OTalk with the @The_HCPChttp://t.co/pfzCeJKIFl

GillyGorry
http://t.co/pl6PgrQiWY last nights grab chat #otalk @The_HCPC @Helen_otuk @kirstyes @clissa89 @claireOT @BAOTCOT @OTalk_Occhat #cpd #OT

TRAMMCPD
RT @OTalk_Occhat: Transcript from last nights #OTalk with the @The_HCPChttp://t.co/pfzCeJKIFl

clissa89
RT @GillyGorry: http://t.co/pl6PgrQiWY last nights grab chat #otalk @The_HCPC @Helen_otuk @kirstyes @clissa89 @claireOT @BAOTCOT @OTalk_Occ…

Wardmans
RT @GillyGorry: @OTAshleyP lurking is also great #otalk

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5 thoughts on “October’s #OTalk Journal (Media) Club Article

  1. Some initial thoughts from Robert Pereira @roberTO_OT: Article looks great! Laura Hartman’s research is really interesting. As an avid iPhone photo enthusiast, I am particularly keen on photovoice as a data gathering tool/method in qualitative research. However, is it a methodology in the truest sense of the word, or is it more of a ‘medium’ used in action research?

  2. Apologies for the lateness of my feedback – life has been hectic. Please feel free to share your own forms after the chat.

    Name: Kirsty Stanley
    Date Record Completed: 1.10.2013 (Nothing like leaving it until the last moment)

    Full Harvard Reference:
    Hartman, L.R., Mandich, A., Magalhães, L. and Orchard, T. 2011. How Do We ‘See’ Occupations? An Examination of Visual Research Methodologies in the Study of Human Occupation. Journal of Occupational Science. 18 (4), 292-305.

    Definitions of terms and concepts:
    Occupation according to the authors’ chosen International Society of Occupational Science’s (ISOS) definition is ‘‘the various everyday activities people do as individuals, in families and with communities to occupy time and bring meaning and purpose to life. Occupations include things people need to, want to and are expected to do’’(Asaba, Blanche, Jonsson, Laliberte Rudman, & Wicks, 2007, p. 1).
    Photovoice is a ‘participatory visual methodology in which participants create a visual representation using photographs and use their creations to direct and enact social change’
    Body Mapping is where ‘participants use paper and craft materials to explore and share their experiences’ on a traced version of their bodies (participant driven)
    Textual Analysis is ‘researcher-driven visual methodology in which the researcher critically appraises pre-existing materials’
    Tacit means ‘Understood or implied without being stated’
    Reflexive means being aware of how experiences may have influenced thinking
    Occupational Engagement means

    Identification of the author’s main message:
    That using visual data can support occupational science research.

    Identification of major themes:
    Promoting visual methodologies as valid and credible for research purposes
    Review of three methods
    Giving people different ways to consider the everyday

    Discussion of major themes and sub-themes:
    Promoting visual methodologies as valid and credible for research
    They suggest arts based approaches can balance rigour and creativity.
    Can use found and created materials.
    Important to use ethical guidance to ensure such data being considered thoroughly.
    Some visual methods have developed guidance for analysis.
    -Photovoice
    Put participants in control of what they photograph – they identify what is important. An image gives them a reference point for further exploration.
    Giving a voice to those who often don’t have – came from feminist theory but equally applicable to race, disability etc.
    Three aims – record/reflect strengths/concerns, use small/large group discussion to review critically and to reach policymakers. Quite a political methodology then. The social change aspect is important here.
    Limitations may still be impact of researchers influencing things too much. Costs also mentioned, however with more electronic ways to share photographs this shouldn’t be as limiting.
    Consent and ethical issues need addressing clearly.
    -Body Mapping
    People start by tracing their bodies and use as a template to describe ‘journeys’
    A specific 12 point guidance was given about adding hand/footprints, personal slogans etc.
    This could be quite emotive and participants may need extra emotional support.
    -Textual Analysis
    This focused on found materials and particularly advertising. Analysis was based on set criteria.
    The focus on the different layers of meaning was interesting
    Giving people different ways to consider the everyday
    Articulating what is going on in a picture may be more effective than being asked a question about the occupation ‘out of context’.
    Enabling a wider population to share their beliefs e.g. overcoming barriers of low literacy or language issues
    However it does still seem important to consider that there still need to be a way for participants to discuss these images and that judgements aren’t placed on the images purely by external ‘viewers’.

    Integration of material with other work:
    This link was shared with me on Twitter yesterday and I think it has relevance here in terms of the first two methods being about empowering participants to guide the research focus. http://nomorethrowawaypeople.org/ – The link here is about enabling the population under study to develop the tools to study and think and look critically at situations as insiders.
    The concept of body mapping to me seems a little like Kawa in terms of its creativity and connection to personal experience.

    Application of material to own experience:
    At a recent conference I used images of book covers to talk about my ‘relationship with books’. I actually found this quite powerful and felt that using the visuals helped me structure and articulate my thoughts.
    I have used drawings with students as prompts to reflection on events and situations. I’m not sure if it is the extra thinking time used whilst painting or the act of painting itself that seems to open people up.

    Evaluation of author’s presentation:
    This is an opinion piece rather than a research article.
    How did they select the three methodologies to focus on?
    I did feel that the messages were a little repetitive at times.
    Clearer suggestions on how it could be used in an occupational science way could have been offered – discussing applications alongside the information about the methodologies, particularly in the textual analysis example.
    Frustrated by the comment about lack of generalizability re Photovoice because the whole purpose seems to me to be about individual communities anyway
    I feel that perhaps the first two methodologies were more congruent, perhaps the last could have been an article on its own as it appeared to take a different track.

    Application of learning to practice:
    In terms of my own research I believe there could be scope to include visual images to prompt discussions with my participants.
    The idea about shared ‘authorship’ or creation will also be important to my PhD work – I want my participants to have power to guide the research focus as much as me.
    If clients are struggling to tell us about why something is meaningful we could ask them to take some photos engaging in the occupation and then discuss those together.
    Photovoice may not be all that appropriate with vulnerable groups because of potential ethical issues – clear consent would need to be able to be provided if sharing images.
    I like the idea of using body mapping to explore pain or conditions where there is a body transformation, there may be practical issues in getting people into positions to trace their bodies but the connection between the outline and self may be more telling than using a generic template. Also it may help people address body type issues.
    Body mapping could also be used to explore more internal physical or psychological barriers to engaging in occupations.
    Maybe textual analysis can be completed on ‘found’ visual representations on participation in a particular occupation.

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